Regenerative medicine is a comparatively new medical science, mainly driven by recent medical research on stem cells and their ability to convert to cells of different tissues.
Within the human brain, stem cells are located in the lateral ventricles and in the dentate nucleus of the hippocampus and have the ability to originate new neurons.
In an acquired brain injury, whatever the cause, such as a stroke, a process of hypoxia or severe traumatic brain injury, numerous nerve cells are destroyed. This can lead to both cognitive and motor disorders; thus, cellular regeneration is necessary.
Currently, an important number of these damaged cells can be restored, stimulating the associated stem cells with cellular growth factors, which naturally occur in the body.
An aspect which must be highlighted and which represents a basic element of this type of treatment, is that it is based on the same intra and intercellular factors which the body uses for self-repair.
This regenerative medicine is based on cellular therapy, with the administration of autologous subcellular elements, obtained from the same person, therefore without the risk of rejection, in order to replace the damaged brain cells with healthy cells. In summary, this approach integrates all the procedures aimed towards the promotion of cellular regeneration.